For those wishing to learn the basics about weather, climate and meteorology, this page provides links to the wealth of impartial information and learning material available from a number of national meteorological organisations.
Learning about Weather (UK Met Office)
NOAA National Weather Service (USA)
A huge source of material: https://www.weather.gov/jetstream/matrix
Bureau of Meteorology (Australia)
A comprehensive A-Z of learning material: http://www.bom.gov.au/lam/