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Late September 1895 heatwave


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  • Location: Irlam
  • Location: Irlam

During the last week of September 1895, there was a remarkable heatwave with maxima getting into the high 20s.

These are the record maxima for these dates in September, of which 6 happened in 1895

24 30.0 1895

25 30.6 1895

26 29.4 1895

27 30.6 1895

28 29.4 1895

29 27.8 1895

All thanks to a southerly airflow







The CET mean for the period 24th-30th September 1895 was a remarkable 18.0C

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  • 1 year later...
  • Location: Irlam
  • Location: Irlam



From the copy of the 28th September 1895 edition of the Times that I have of



Some other reports

Addington: The max temp was 70F and upwards on 17 days, 80F and upwards on 6 days. The last 8 days having an average of 80F, 85.0F on 24th.

Abinger Hall: The temp reached or exceeded 80F on 5 days.

Tenterden: Mean max temp: 73.0F, 6 days above 80F

Lewes: The last 8 days were very hot, the max temp ranging from 76F to 82F

Windsor: Very hot with brilliant sunshine, max of 82F

Hedsor: Max of 79.0F on 27th

Diss: A month of magnificent, still and almost cloudless weather, intensely hot to the end.

Tavistock: The mean temp: 61.4F, maxima rose to or above 70F on 17 days

Ross-on-Wye: Temp rose above 80F on 4 days and above 70F on 19 days

Horncastle: The last fortnight was exceedingly hot and dry and on several days the sun shone from sunrise to sunset in an absolutely cloudless sky.

Norwich: The last week was abnormally warm

Weymouth: A warm month with many cloudless days. The last week of the month was the hottest in the year with an average of 66.2F. On ten days the temp rose to 70F and above

Torquay: 213.75 hrs of sunshine; 73.9F on 28th

Stroud: Max temp above 70F from 23rd to 30th inclusive. 79.0F on 9th

Leicester: Max mean temp: 73.8F; Mean min temp: 44.8F

Wakefield: For the week ending the 29th, the mean max. temp was 76.2, 17F above the average

Manchester: 84.0F on the 28th

Haverfordwest: The temp above 70F on 8 days, 7 of which occurred in the last week. 77.4F on the 28th

Cargen: On 10 days the max eceeded 70F; 79F on the 28th

Jedburgh: The temp on 12 days was above 70F, 84.0F on 9th and 13th

Aberdeen: a very warm month; 74.0F on 25th and 27th

Edinburgh: Phenomenally warm, mean temp 58.6F

Dublin: The heat was tempered by a sea breeze but sundhine was above the average.

Waringstown: Max: 81.0F on 27th

Omagh: During the last week, the maximum ranged between 70F to 75F on 5 days. Maximum: 75.0F on 29th

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  • 2 years later...
  • Location: Irlam
  • Location: Irlam

This was pretty exceptional for late September and the longevity of it makes it even more remarkable. 7 consecutive days of above 25C for some locations for the last week of September is astonishing.

When 1895 is ever mentioned this heatwave is totally forgotten and the freezing February is always remembered. A year certainly for the weather annals with a string of record minima in February and a string of record maxima at the end of September.

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  • Location: Derbyshire Peak District. 290 mts a.s.l.
  • Weather Preferences: Anything extreme
  • Location: Derbyshire Peak District. 290 mts a.s.l.

It certainly was exceptional. Buxton had a max' of 26.3c on the 24th that month, the highest value for the last week in September on the entire record.

The nearest approach to such late September heat in recent times was the max' of 25.5c on Sept' 21st 2006 (25.0c here) but that was a one day only offer.

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  • 11 months later...
  • 11 years later...
  • Location: Wilmslow, Cheshire
  • Location: Wilmslow, Cheshire

84F in Manchester on the 28th- that's incredible. I can't find too many examples in the records of 29C in Manchester in September at all, let alone in the last few days of the month.

That said, the figure clearly wasn't recorded at the airport which didn't exist at the time- could well have been in a more built-up area.

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  • 11 months later...
  • Location: Irlam
  • Location: Irlam

Some more data from this spell


23rd: 78°F

24th: 84°F

25th: 83°F

26th: 82°F

27th: 82°F

28th: 81°F



24th: 78°F

25th: 82°F

26th: 80°F

27th: 81°F

28th: 82°F

29th: 82°F

30th: 77°F



23rd: 77°F

24th: 82°F

25th: 72°F

26th: 81°F

27th: 85°F

28th: 84°F

29th: 76°F



28th: 85°F



24th 81.2°F

25th: 79.4°F

26th: 78.5°F

27th: 81.5°F

28th: 83.9°F

29th: 81.4°F

30th: 76.9°F


23rd: 87°F

24th: 89°F

25th: 88°F

26th: 88°F

27th: 89°F

28th: 86°F

29th: 84°F



24th: 79.6°F

25th: 80.5°F

26th: 83.0°F

27th: 81.2°F

28th: 82.4°F

29th: 79.1°F

30th: 78.7°F



23rd: 80°F

24th: 85°F

25th: 84°F

26th: 82°F

27th: 84°F

28th: 82°F



Found of a list of occasions when Edinburgh recorded a temperature of at least 75°F during September (1841-1895)



12th: 77

13th: 76


1st: 77


11th: 78

12th: 78

14th: 78


23rd: 76


5th: 78

6th: 77.9


6th: 81.7

7th: 77


27th: 76.2


8th: 76

9th: 75.1


10th: 77

12th: 79.8


25th: 78.3


The mean temperature recorded at a Paris Observatory for September 1895 was reported as 65.6°F

11 days recorded a maxima of 86°F + and a maximum of 95.9°F was recorded


Brussels recorded a mean of 64.2°F, 15 days recorded a maximum of 77°F+

Described as the most beautiful, warmest and driest for two centuries



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  • Location: Sheffield South Yorkshire 160M Powering the Sheffield Shield
  • Weather Preferences: Any Extreme
  • Location: Sheffield South Yorkshire 160M Powering the Sheffield Shield

A much stronger heatwave than what we had last week considering it was at the end of the month.

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  • Location: Hull
  • Weather Preferences: Cold Snowy Winters, Hot Thundery Summers
  • Location: Hull
38 minutes ago, The PIT said:

A much stronger heatwave than what we had last week considering it was at the end of the month.

I disagree, the CET for the 4th to 10th this year was 21.6C, which is a whopping 3.6C above the last 7 days of that September. Yes you'd expect the end of September to be cooler then the 1st/2nd week but not that much.

Absolute maxima was typically 2-5C cooler then the maximums we got this year.

Here is the CET data:

                         early/mid 2023   late 1895
Mean temp:    21.6C                    18.0C
Mean max       28.2C                    24.4C
Mean min       15.1C                     11.8C

I don't know how you can conclude the heatwave of 1895 was 'much stronger'?

Just for additional context, the 91-20 average CET for Sept 4th-10th is 15.0.

Whilst the average for Sept 24th-30th is 13.2C

Therefore the anomalies are as follows:

4th-10th Sept 2023 = 6.6C
24th-30th Sept 1895 = 4.8C


Edited by Derecho
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  • Location: Coventry, 96m asl
  • Weather Preferences: Snow in winter, thunderstorms, warmth, sun any time!
  • Location: Coventry, 96m asl

Incredible heatwave for sure, the max temps for the warmest places during that comparable to what Coventry had last week with the 29C to 30C!

Just goes to show there is still a lot of residual warmth to our south around a century ago well into autumn, and even more so in today's climate! Similarily the case with mid September 1926 or early Octobers of 1908 / 1921 and more recent ones of 1985 and 2011.

Edited by Metwatch
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  • Location: Birmingham, West Midlands
  • Weather Preferences: Heat, sun and thunderstorms in summer. Cold sunny days and snow in winter
  • Location: Birmingham, West Midlands

Incredible temps for so late in September. Particularly considering that it's over 100 years ago.

Edited by Weather Enthusiast91
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